Colombians to vote for president amid widespread discontent

29 May 2022, 07:44

Presidential candidate Gustavo Petro
Colombia Election. Picture: PA

The ballot includes former rebel Gustavo Petro, who could become the first leftist president if he can get the 50% of the votes in the first round.

Colombians emerging from the coronavirus pandemic are voting for their next president, choosing from six candidates who all promise various degrees of change amid rising inequality, inflation, violence and a discontent with the status quo.

The ballot includes former rebel Gustavo Petro, who could become Colombia’s first leftist president on Sunday if he can get the 50% of the votes needed to win in the first round. If no-one gets more than half of the votes, a run-off will be held between the top two candidates.

Pre-vote polls show Mr Petro ahead but failing to get 50%. Behind him are a populist real estate tycoon promising monetary rewards for tips about corrupt officials and a right-wing candidate who has tried to distance himself from the widely disliked conservative current president, Ivan Duque.

Colombia Presidential Debate
Former rebel Gustavo Petro could become Colombia’s first leftist president if he can get the 50% of the votes needed to win in the first round (Fernando Vergara/AP)

This is the second presidential election since the government signed a peace agreement with the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia, known as FARC, but the divisive agreement was not a central campaign issue as matters like poverty and corruption garnered attention.

It will be Mr Petro’s third attempt to be the South America’s country president. He was defeated in 2018 by Mr Duque, who is not eligible for re-election.

His victory would usher in a new political era in a country that has always been governed by conservatives or moderates while marginalising the left due to its perceived association with the nation’s armed conflict. He was once a rebel with the now-defunct M-19 movement and was granted an amnesty after being jailed for his involvement with the group.

He has promised to make significant adjustments to the economy, including tax reform, as well as changes to how Colombia fights drug cartels and other armed groups.

Federico Gutierrez, a former mayor of Medellin, is backed by most of Colombia’s traditional parties and is running on a pro-business, economic growth platform (Fernando Vergara/AP)

His main rival for most of the campaign has been Federico Gutierrez, a former mayor of Medellin who is backed by most of Colombia’s traditional parties and ran on a pro-business, economic growth platform.

Mr Gutierrez has promised to fight hunger with the extension of subsidies and public-private alliances so that 10 tons of food that go to waste each year are destined for the poorest.

A Gallup poll conducted earlier this month showed that 75% of Colombians believe the country is heading in the wrong direction and only 27% approve of Mr Duque. A poll last year by Gallup found 60% of those questioned were finding it hard to get by on their household income.

The coronavirus pandemic set back the country’s anti-poverty efforts by at least a decade. Official figures showed that 39% of Colombia’s 51.6 million residents lived on less than 89 US dollars (£70) a month last year, a slight improvement from the 42.5% in 2020.

Presidential candidate Federico Gutierrez, of the Team Colombia coalition, waves at supporters during a campaign rally in Chia, Colombia (Fernando Vergara/AP)

Meanwhile, the country’s inflation reached its highest levels in two decades last month. Mr Duque’s administration has justified April’s 9.2% rate by saying it is part of a global inflationary phenomenon, but the argument has not tamed people’s discontent over increasing food prices.

In addition to economic challenges, Colombia’s next president will also have to face a complex security issue and corruption, which is a top concern of voters.

The Red Cross last year concluded that Colombia had reached its highest level of violence in the last five years.

Although the peace agreement with the FARC has been implemented, the territories and drug trafficking routes that it once controlled are in dispute between other armed groups such as the National Liberation Army, or ELN, a guerrilla group founded in the 1960s, the dissidents of the FARC and the Clan del Golfo cartel.

Voting booths are set up at Corferias, the main polling station in Bogota, Colombia (Fernando Vergara/AP)

Mr Duque’s successor will have to decide whether to resume peace talks with the ELN, which he suspended in 2019 after an attack killed more than 20 people.

Aware of voters’ corruption worries, real estate tycoon Rodolfo Hernandez has placed the issue at the centre of his campaign.

The former mayor of Bucaramanga surprisingly rose in the final stretch of the campaign after promising to “clean” the country of corruption and to donate his salary, among other measures.

The other candidates on the ballot are Sergio Fajardo, former mayor of Medellin and candidate for the centre coalition; Christian leader John Milton Rodriguez; and the conservative Enrique Gomez.

By Press Association

Latest World News

See more Latest World News

Police say that the suspect, 22, had mental health problems

Man charged with murder over Copenhagen shooting

Spanish military jets diverted the Menorca-bound easyJet flight for security checks.

Dramatic moment easyJet flight intercepted by fighter jets over 'hoax bomb threat'

Jake McLean (centre) was reportedly killed in the crash, whilst Yazmin Oukhellou (insert) was injured

Lauren Goodger's ex Jake McLean dies in car crash with TOWIE star Yazmin Oukhellou injured

A piece of glacier broke away on the Marmolada mountain

Six dead after chunk of glacier breaks off and slams into hikers on Italian mountain

Several people have been killed in a shooting in a Copenhagen shopping centre

Chilling video shows suspected Copenhagen gunman brandishing rifle before 3 were killed

Residents in a number of Sydney suburbs were ordered to evacuate

Thousands flee their homes as flooding hits Sydney

A woman died after losing an arm and a leg in a shark attack off the coast of Hurghada, Egypt

Second woman killed by shark off Egypt's red sea coast

Oscar Pistorius has met with the father of Reeva Steenkamp

Oscar Pistorius meets victim Reeva Steenkamp's father in a bid for parole

North Korea has blamed its Covid outbreak on 'alien things' and balloons coming from South Korea.

North Korea blames Covid outbreak on 'alien things' and balloons from South

Exclusive
Boris Johnson said Putin does not have to give up power for there to be peace in Ukraine

Putin's made more than 30 nuke threats during Ukraine invasion, Boris tells LBC

Russian President Vladimir Putin has hit back at western leaders for their lack of "machismo" and said it would be ‘disgusting’ to see Boris Johnson topless.

Putin mocks G7 leaders' lack of 'machismo' and says PM would look 'disgusting' topless

Ukraine has retaken Snake Island after Moscow's troops abandoned the strategic outpost in what Russia's Defence Ministry has described as a 'goodwill gesture'.

'Kaboom!' Ukraine celebrates Putin's humiliation as Russia retreats from Snake Island

President Joe Biden listens as Judge Ketanji Brown Jackson speaks

Ketanji Brown Jackson to be sworn in as US Supreme Court justice

An investigator works outside the Bataclan concert hall (Christophe Ena/PA)

Life without parole for surviving extremist who carried out Paris attacks

A shark is seen swimming across a sand bar (Phil Marcelo/AP)

Great white sharks head to Cape Cod as busy tourist season gets under way

Police outside the Bataclan concert hall in Paris (Catherine Wylie/PA)

Men convicted of involvement in 2015 terror attacks in Paris